A toothache refers to the pain that one feels in or around their teeth and even sometimes in their jaws. There are many causes of toothache, including problems with the teeth and jaws. Cracked teeth, cavities, exposed roots, gum disease, and the like are all causes for a toothache. Toothaches may be mild or excruciating. The pain can range from chronic and mild to a sharp, shooting pain that occurs unexpectedly. Temperature changes like cold or hot foods may exacerbate the pain. It is important to have a dental exam that is thorough in order to determine where your toothache is originating from.
Occasionally, you may experience a toothache that is not caused by something in a tooth or in your jaw. Many people don’t believe this, but heart problems can actually cause pain in and around the teeth and even in the jaws. Other causes could be sinus infections, ear infections, heart attack, and angina. If you have a toothache and no immediate cause for it like a cavity, then a checkup with your family doctor is also recommended to check for other health problems.
Dental Causes of Toothaches
Most of the time, if you have a toothache the cause is dental related. Most frequently this includes gum disease, dental cavities, dental abscess, cracked tooth, impaction, eruption, irritation of the tooth root, and more.
More than likely, when you have a toothache a cavity is the cause of it. A cavity, also called caries, is simply a hole that decay creates in the outer layer or two of the tooth. These two layers of the tooth are called the dentin and the enamel. The white part of your tooth that is hard is called the enamel and the layer underneath the enamel that s a yellow color is the dentin. These two lawyers cover and protect the pulp, which is inside the tooth where the nerves and blood vessels are. Cavities occur because of certain bacteria in the mouth. This bacteria works to convert simple sugars into a tooth eating acid. This acid makes the enamel and dentin softer and then the saliva works against the softness of the tooth to wear away the enamel and dentin. A cavity results. Many times small cavities are not even noticed by people, however as the hole gets bigger food can get stuck in there and make the cavity worse. Once the cavity is large enough to cause pain, i.e. a toothache, people tend to make an appointment with their dentist.
The way a cavity is treated is by using a filling. That is, a small cavity is treated this way. Cavities that are much larger require a crown. When a cavity affects the pulp then a root canal is necessary or else the tooth will need to be extracted. When the pulp is injured this can cause a dental abscess, which is quite painful. When the tooth becomes infected in this way the only treatment options are a root canal or removing the tooth.
The second biggest reason for a toothache is gum disease. This occurs when the soft tissues in the gum are inflamed and there is a loss of bone around the teeth. When plaque is allowed to accumulate along the gum line it can allow gum disease to occur. Plaque is made up of bacteria, food, and saliva, and it sticks to the teeth and the gum line. Gum disease can be noted early on by bleeding gums with little or no pain. When there is pain then it is a sign of more advanced gum disease.
There are other causes of a toothache, but these are the most common. If you experience any of these symptoms it is highly recommended that you visit your dentist as soon as possible for an evaluation.
Nobody likes have a toothache. And, when you do have a toothache, you will be looking for a toothache cure as quick as possible! That is because toothaches really hurt and they can be quite distracting. It is hard to work, think, or even go about your daily routine when you have a toothache. Many times when you have a toothache, you will want to make an appointment with your dentist. But, most dentists will not see you right away unless it is a true emergency. In this situation, you will want to use a toothache cure or two to help you relieve your pain!
One good toothache cure is to avoid anything cold. This is especially so when you have sensitive teeth. Simply avoid drinking or eating anything that is cold. You can drink water at room temperature, and this will help. There are some toothpastes made especially for sensitive teeth you may want to try. If they do not work then you can make an appointment with your dentist.
Flossing is another toothache cure that is quite helpful if you have pain from food being stuck in your teeth. Flossing will allow you to dislodge any food stuck in your teeth, and once the food is gone, the pain will follow. Keep in mind your gums will be sensitive, tender, and possibly bleeding. Be cautious and floss gently.
A toothache cure that is fast and quite effective is simply to rinse your mouth out with warm water. This may not seem like it could possibly work, but it actually does. Believe it or not, but the warm water is soothing and it can help remove any particles stuck in teeth. Once the food particles are removed from your teeth then the pain will subside. This is a great toothache cure that is fast and easy!
Some people find that an ice massage on the area between the thumb and forefinger is a great toothache cure. The pain receptors in your brain can’t process the pain from the toothache and the sensation from the massage. So, your pain will be reduced and you have a fast and easy toothache cure.
When a major dental problem is causing your toothache, like from a cavity or abscess, then you will want to make an appointment with your dentist. However, in the meantime you can use some whiskey on a cotton ball and place it on the affected tooth. You can take a swig and leave it in your mouth over the affected tooth and this will help relieve the pain.
Some people find a saltwater gargle is a great toothache cure. This cuts down on the pain, helps remove anything stuck in the teeth, and reduces inflammation. You should be able to do this wherever you are and that makes it a great cure!
Don’t chew on the tooth that has the toothache. This will only exacerbate the problem. So, chew on the other side, only drink fluids, or do whatever is necessary to avoid chewing on the affected tooth.
An over the counter medication is a great toothache cure, too. Tylenol, aspirin, and the like may be used to help you ease the pain until you can get to a dentist.