What is tooth disease?

Tooth decay and disease is an all too common occurrence nowadays due to a variety of reasons. Unfortunately, when disease manifests itself, many people are unaware of what to look for and sometimes it can spread or turn into a major problem. Knowing what to look for is one of the best ways to prevent tooth disease and to keep your oral hygiene in good condition, ensuring your teeth remain healthy for years to come.

For many, tooth disease is something that happens to someone else, and it’s easy to live in self-denial, but chances are that your teeth or gums already exhibit some signs of disease. Toothache, gingivitis, periodontal disease, abscesses and plaque are all examples of the most common types of dental disease and they’re also the most important that you need to look out for.

With toothache, it’s normally the problem caused by an infection of a tooth. This eventually irritates the roots and the nerve and thus causes pain. Sometimes the toothache you feel is really an abscess that forms under the roots which is essentially a major infection. Ultimately, the only cure is to visit a dentist and have him treat the affected tooth.

Gingivitis is actually a gum disease, but eventually it affects the teeth. If you’ve ever had red gums that bleed easily, then you’ve had gingivitis. It’s a condition that’s caused due to a buildup of plaque and left untreated, it’ll turn into periodontal disease which is a major bone-wasting condition. Visiting a dentist regularly and having your teeth cleaned / descaled and polished is one of the best ways to ensure that your gums are in good condition, because if your teeth are healthy, your gums will be too.

When left untreated, gingivitis may advance and eventually turn into periodontal disease which is a condition that slowly eats at the bone which holds your teeth in place. This irreversible condition ultimately necessitates the removal of teeth with the unfortunate side effect being that they are irreplaceable with implants. To prevent periodontal disease and other tooth diseases, the most important thing you can do is to get regular checkups.

Disease that affects the teeth comes in the most common form of dental plaque. This yellowish substance is actually a biofilm that comprises all sorts of bacteria. That furry teeth feeling we all get now and then is caused by plaque and left untreated, it hardens, turns into tartar and then slowly, the tarter will start to release acids that will eventually cause cavities and destroy your teeth.

Prevention of tooth disease is easier than you’d think. Regular brushing, good dental hygiene and visits to the dentist help a great deal in controlling disease and limiting the effects that it has. Tooth extractions might be everyone’s worst nightmare, but they are only really necessary when disease gets out of hand and does major damage to a tooth. When this happens, it’s only a matter of time until that disease spreads.

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